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Muscle Fiber Types and Training

Author:  Jason R. Karp, M.S. Excerpt:  TYPES OF MUSCLE FIBERS Humans have basically three different types of muscle fibers. Slow- twitch (ST or Type I) fibers are identified by a slow contraction time and a high resistance to fatigue. Structurally, they have a small motor neuron and fiber diameter, a high mitochondrial and capillary density,…

The Wrecking Yard As They Limp Into the Sunset, Retired NFL Players Struggle With the Game's Grim Legacy A Lifetime of Disability and pain

Author:  William Nack Publication Year:  2001 Excerpt:  Joe Jacoby, a former Washington Redskins offensive lineman, was a habitue of the Skins’ weight room, squat lifting his afternoons away. He dare not lift weights anymore, for fear it will accelerate the deterioration of his ankles, knees, wrists, elbows and back. Jacoby still feels the echoes of…

Proprioception and Kinesthetic Awareness, Part 1

Author:  http://www.quickmedical.com/health_information/fitness/proprioception_kinesthetic_awareness.html Excerpt:  What is proprioception? What is kinesthetic awareness?Proprioception is often known as the sixth sense. It is the ability of your central nervous system to communicate and coordinate parts of your body with each other. An example would be touching your finger to your nose. How does your finger know where to find…

High Altitude Training

Excerpt:  Training at a high altitude can be a unique challenge for most runners; however, there are also benefits to this type of training. Runners who live at a higher elevation are likely already used to training at this elevation and have usually already made the necessary modifications to their training plan to ensure they…

Training at High Altitudes

Excerpt:  In high altitudes, the amount of oxygen in the blood is reduced because there’s less oxygen in the air. To compensate for reduction of oxygen in the air, the kidneys secrete more of a hormone called erythropoietin, which causes the body to create more red blood cells. Runners are often able to train harder…

Training for Proprioception & Function Proprioceptive Movements in Your Classes and Training Sessions Can Enhance Your Clients' Body Awareness and Movement Efficiency

Author:  Suzanne Nottingham Excerpt:  Of a handful of terms recently used in the fitness industry, proprioception and kinesthetic awareness are the most widely recognized in relation to body awareness. Understanding how movement affects efficiency can lead to understanding how the body communicates with itself. The strong influence of yoga, martial-arts-based programs and other whole-body programs…

Energy Systems in the Body

Excerpt:  The body has two main energy systems (aerobic and anaerobic energy system). Energy is needed for maintenance, growth, everyday activities and exercise. The amount of energy required during exercise by the body depends on the intensity and duration of exercise. Put simply exercising harder for longer periods requires more energy. The aerobic energy system…

Hungarian Weightlifter Dislocates Elbow

Author:  Associated Press Publication Year:  2008 Excerpt:  Hungarian strongman Janos Baranyai’s first Olympics ended in agony Wednesday when he dislocated his right elbow in the ugliest moment yet of the Olympic weightlifting competition. Baranyai was trying to snatch 148 kg (326.3 pounds) in his third lift in the men’s 77-kilogram division, when his elbow popped…

Ergogenics for Endurance Athletes

Author:  Alan Christianson, N.D. Publication Year:  2000 Excerpt:  Athletes, by their very nature, constantly seek to improve their performance. They know training is the most effective way to excel, but they also know it is the hardest. The search for an extra edge makes nearly any purported performance booster alluring. There are plenty of ergogenics—substances…

The Effect of Neuromuscular Training on the Incidence of Knee Injury in Female Athletes A Prospective Study

Author:  Timothy E. Hewett,* PhD, Thomas N. Lindenfeld, MD, Jennifer V. Riccobene, and Frank R. Noyes, MD Excerpt:  To prospectively evaluate the effect of neuromuscular training on the incidence of knee injury in female athletes, we monitored two groups of female athletes, one trained before sports participation and the other not trained, and a group…

Conventional Weight Training Can Even Hurt Your Eyes

Publication Year:  2006 Excerpt:  In a 2006 study, researchers found that conventional weight training isn’t only dangerous to your ligaments, muscles, and sense of well-being…it’s dangerous to your eyes: Holding your breath while you’re weight lifting can increase the risk of developing eye disease and potentially blindness, a study says. Weight lifters who don’t breathe…

Alternative Warm-Up Program Reduces Risk of ACL Injuries For Female College Soccer Players

Author:  Gail Hayes Publication Year:  2008 Excerpt:  The risk of potentially devastating tears to an important knee ligament may be reduced in female college soccer players by an alternative warm-up program that focuses on stretching, strengthening, and improving balance and movements, according to a CDC study published online this week in The American Journal of…

The Facts on Blood Pressure

Author:  Earl L. Mindell, RPh, PhD and Virginia Hopkins, MA Excerpt:  Your blood pressure rises above normal when too much fluid is being pumped through the blood vessels, or the blood vessels constrict, putting greater pressure on our heart and blood vessels. It can also be caused when the areteries lose their elasticity. If you…

Knee Injuries May Start With Strain On The Brain, Not The Muscles

Publication Year:  2009 Excerpt:  University of Michigan researchers studying ACL injuries had subjects perform one-legged squats to fatigue, then tested the reactions to various jumping and movement commands. Researchers found that both legs—not just the fatigued leg—showed equally dangerous and potentially injurious responses, said Scott McLean, assistant professor with the U-M School of Kinesiology. The…

Thoracic Outlet Syndrome (TOS)

Author:  William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACR, FACP Excerpt:  Thoracic outlet syndrome is a condition whereby symptoms are produced from compression of nerves or blood vessels, or both, because of an inadequate passageway through an area (thoracic outlet) between the base of the neck and the armpit. The thoracic outlet is surrounded by muscle, bone,…

Weight Training Injuries

Author:  Karen E. Tanner, Taylor University Excerpt:  Exercise and working out should invigorate your body, not put it in danger. Some of the risks you face when using a conventional weight lifting regimen: •Sprains: •Strains: •Tendon avulsions: Poor lifting technique will cause stress on the body’s soft tissues, thus forcing the body to adjust. To…

The Skills of Programming the Training Process

Author:  Yuri Verkhoshansky Excerpt:  Programming means creating a Virtual Image of the training process that reproduces exactly its contents and Organisation. The coach must formulate a methodological conception of the athlete’s preparation based on the elements provided by the specialist literature, and outline the training strategy. The methodological concept, is made up of a set…

Fears Mount Over Dangers Of Pumping Iron

Author:  Kevin Helliker Publication Year:  2003 Excerpt:  In a nation obsessed with looks and fitness, weight lifting is the latest workout craze. Recent studies have shown that lifting can lower blood pressure, combat diabetes and strengthen bones. Bookstore shelves are teeming with new fitness tomes touting weight lifting. Over the three years ended in 2001,…

How to Grow a Super-Athlete

Author:  DANIEL COYLE Publication Year:  2007 Excerpt:  Myelin is a sausage-shaped layer of dense fat that wraps around the nerve fibers. Myelin works the same way that rubber insulation works on a wire, keeping the signal strong by preventing electrical impulses from leaking out. Brain researchers named their new science after the neuron instead of…

Isokinetic Strength Training Program for Muscular Imbalances in Professional Soccer Players

Author:  Dr. Asimenia Gioftsidou Publication Year:  2007 Excerpt:  27 soccer players followed the specific isokinetic training program for 2 months with a frequency of 3 times per week in order to correct the imbalances and the deficits. The results showed that there were significant differences between the pre- and post-training measures in peak torque values…